- Title: Associate Professor
- Position: Associate Professor – Department of Economics
- Qualifications: BA Adel., MA Adel., MA Camb., PhD Camb.
Areas of Expertise
- Political economy of developing countries in Asia, particularly (but notlimited to) Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos
- Vietnam’s transition from central planning to a market economy
- Gender and development
- Agrarian change/rural development, particularly in Vietnam and Cambodia
- Network analysis
- Environmental issues
- Institutional frameworks
- Class analysis and analysis of economic networks
A/Prof Beresford studied Politics and History at Adelaide University before switching to Economics at the University of Cambridge. Her PhD entitled Unification and Economic Development in Vietnam was published by Macmillan and, together with Vietnam: Politics, Economics and Society (Pinter, 1988), established her as one of the leading scholars in the world on the political economy of Vietnam.
Since joining Macquarie she has been a co-recipient of Australian Research Council grants to conduct research on the transition to a market economy in Vietnam and on the clothing industry in the Asia-Pacific region. Her research on gender equity in the Vietnamese state budget was funded by the Canadian International Development Agency.
A/Prof Beresford has conducted consultancies in Vietnam for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM, now UN Women), Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and Oxfam Quebec, working with the Vietnamese Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, National Assembly Committee on Economic and Budgetary Affairs, National Committee for the Advancement of Women and the Vietnam Women’s Union.
In 2002-2003 she was team leader of a major study for UNDP’s Asian Regional Office and Bureau of Policy Development (New York) on Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction in Cambodia. She has also carried out the evaluation of UNDP’s gender equity program in Cambodia.
A/Prof Beresford has held visiting fellowships at the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Copenhagen; Department of Political and Social Change, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU; Institute of World Economy, Hanoi; and the Swedish Centre for Working Life, Stockholm.
- UN Women, ‘The Impact of Economic Reform on Women in Vietnam’, with National Economics University, Hanoi, 2011.
- Australian Research Council, The Clothing Industry in the Asia Pacific: Managing Constant Change with AH Vickers (Sydney University), V Crinis. R Ganguly Scrase, K Hannan (University of Wollongong), BC Prasad (University of the South Pacific), AN Tran (California State University Monterey Bay) 2007-10.
- Macquarie University,A new model of agricultural development in Vietnam2005-06,
- Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) “Gender analysis of fiscal policy in Vietnam” 2001-03.
- The ARC-funded project examines the dynamics of the garment industry in the Asia-Pacific region. My particular focus is on (a) the impacts of Cambodia’s labour standards legislation on the development of the industry and (b) the impact of industrialization via garment production on development of the rural economy.
- The role of networks in Vietnamese agricultural development. The principal aim is to reconceptualise the processes of capital accumulation, social stratification and economic development by viewing agricultural value chains from a network perspective. I am interested in the way the structure of these networks affects industry organisation, competition and the profitability of farming and trade in rice, leading to changes in income distribution and the rural class structure.
- Impact of Vietnamese economic reforms on gender relations. Funded by UN Women, the project examines long-term changes in gender relations brought about by economic liberalisation since the 1980s, particularly factors such as ‘ruralization’ of women and ‘feminization’ of poverty and the impact of government and donor interventions in offsetting and/or intensifying these effects.
- Member of: Macquarie University Research Management Committee, North Ryde Australia
- Chair of: Business and Economics Faculty Research Committee, North Ryde Australia
- Editorial Board of: Journal of Contemporary Asia, Routledge UK/USA
- Editorial Board of: Macquarie Economics Research Papers, North Ryde Australia
(Source: from her website at MacQuarie University; http://www.businessandeconomics.mq.edu.au/contact_the_faculty/all_fbe_staff/melanie_beresford